Oxygen is the elixir of life. Our body reacts to a reduced supply of oxygen (hypoxia) in a complex manner. The positive effect on the body has long been known in top-classsport. Athletes make use of this as part of high-altitude training in the mountains. This not only increases the number of red blood cells in the blood. The effects that are triggered are much more profound.
In 2019, the two US researchers William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza as well as the Briton Peter Ratcliffe received the Nobel Prize for Medicine for researching the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia (“The secret of altitude training” – Die Welt https://www.welt.de/gesundheit/article201537032/ Genetics-Medicine-Nobel-Prize-for-the-Secret-of-Height-Training.html).
However, you don’t have to travel to the mountains for several weeks to take advantage of the positive effects of altitude training. With the help of special training and therapy devices, you can take advantage of the positive effects of a controlled and optimized hypoxia-hyperoxia on Mallorca at sea level.
Hypoxia therapy can be used as a sports medicine “training therapy” in healthy athletes to improve performance or to treat patients with specific problems.
A large number of orthopedic patients show physical symptoms without an acute injury or illness. Many of these complaints result from a changed lifestyle
- Lack of exercise
- High stress
- hyperglycemic diet (too many carbohydrates)
- Environmental toxins
Exercise and training therapy (jogging, cycling, swimming …) can help improve physical fitness and cellular functions. However, due to complaints, illnesses or other limitations, this cannot be implemented for every patient and you get into a vicious circle. This is the approach for hypoxia therapy, in which cellular processes are trained and improved, as is also the case with altitude training.
Hypoxia training should be repeated at the beginning, especially for untrained people. For a positive effect, 10-15 sessions should be carried out within 4-6 weeks. This becomes understandable if you imagine that you can’t run a marathon after jogging once. The effects of hypoxia therapy at the cellular level once started last for about 3-6 months. It is recommended to repeat the therapy every 3-6 months or to carry out a session every 2-4 weeks after the therapy has been completed to maintain the therapy. Depending on the desired effect, one session every 2-4 weeks is sufficient, especially for trained people.
Each session lasts about 40 minutes and comprises four to six phases of hypoxia, each followed by a phase of normoxia or hyperxia. The intensity of the hypoxia depends on the patient’s state of health and the individual hypoxia tolerance, which is determined beforehand in a hypoxia test.
During the therapy session, the vital parameters (peripheral oxygen saturation, heart rate, heart rate variability and minute ventilation (optional)) are continuously monitored and recorded.
> During therapy, patients are usually very relaxed and sometimes they also fall asleep briefly. During this time, the cells and mitochondria go through several oscillations of oxygen partial pressure changes. In contrast to various physical training units, hypoxia training is neither strenuous nor does it pose a risk to the patient. The effect is comparable to individually dosed physical training, but the cellular and systemic effects are more pronounced in hypoxia training.
As a rule, the German private health insurances reimburse the costs for hypoxia therapy. Accordingly, the billing takes place in accordance with the German fee schedule for doctors based on the following clauses (GOÄ 646 Hypoxietest, GOÄ 505 Respiratory Treatment, GOÄ 602 Oximetric Examination, GOÄ 602 Oxymetric Examination, GOÄ 638 Punctual Arterial / Vein Pulse Recording, GOÄ A652 Entry Test, Computer-Aided Analysis de HRV of the autonomic nervous system)
Whether the cost of hypoxia therapy is covered by your Spanish or international insurance company depends on your tariff and the individual insurance company. A single treatment consists of various individual services that are billed individually in accordance with the German GOÄ.